Jean Carré c.1520-1572  is credited with revitalising the English glassmaking industry. He came originally from Lorraine and fled to England in 1567.

Carré learned his trade in Antwerp, Belgium. In 1567, he was issued a 21-year  monopoly from Queen Elizabeth to make “glass for glazing such as is made in France, Burgundy, and Lorraine.” on the proviso that they trained Englishmen in this skill.  The English glass industry was less well developed than that of the Continent and was unable to keep up with the growing demand for good quality glass. There was an existing glass industry in the Weald of Surrey  which originated in the 13th century and this was where Carré established his works.Carré built two glass furnaces in Fernfold, on the Sussex-Surrey border, and one in Sidney Wood near Alfold in Surrey. 

John Speed's map of 1610 - there is a glasshouse depicted near Alford
John Speeds map of 1610 – there is a glasshouse depicted near Alford

Another furnace was built in London and focussed on Venetian-influenced glassware. Carré  brought to England glassmakers from Italy and the French regions of Burgundy and Lorraine, where the skill was well established. He introduced improved techniques which had  a lasting effect and improvement on Wealden glass, and his enterprise was carried on by the French refugee glassmakers he introduced.


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