huguenots of spitalfields
huguenots of spitalfields
huguenots of spitalfields
huguenots of spitalfields
huguenots of spitalfields
huguenots of spitalfields

We are collecting stories of notable huguenots, if you have information that we can add to the list, drop us an email with names, dates and interesting facts.

I traced my roots in the early 1990s before computers, just lots of leg work around record offices and archives. I traced most of the living descendants of the original French Huguenots, Jean and Jeanne Arnau, who settled in Spitalfields/Bethnal Green about 1700. I got them together for a reunion in 1992, we met in the 'Ten Bells' pub, which was near to where Jean and Jeanne first settled, and took photos in Wilkes Street. It was a great day out, I took everyone on a tour of the area, visited Denis Severs house in Folgate Street, the old Huguenot house in Princelet Street, the 'Two Brewers' pub in Brick Lane, which has the plaque on the side wall 'RE-BUILT S.ARNO. 1862' St. Leonards, Shoreditch, where the first Arnau was baptised using the spelling Arno. Nice to see people meeting up with relatives they never knew they had, specially Stan Arno who was bought up in an orphanage and never knew he had any family, then met a pub full of them.

Eliza Mallindine + Joseph Arno - Mallandain
eliza mallindine + joseph arno. Eliza was born in Bethnal Green about 1837 to Christopher Mallindine and his wife Sophia Hall. Her father died when Eliza was just seven years old and without his wages, the family was forced to seek assistance from the parish.

Written and sent to Huguenots of Spitalfields by Mr John Arno


Photos: Arno Family Reunion, Wilkes Street. 1992 Ten Bells Pub, by Christchurch, Spitalfields. Myself, John Arno, with my family tree at the 'Peopleing of London' Exhibition, Museum of London. 1992. PS. My Great. Great. Great. Grandmother was Eliza Mallendine, one of the Mallendaine (slightly different spellings of the name) family, who I have been in contact with.

Arno Family Reunion

Ten Bells  Arno Family Tree


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The Bonifas family came from France to London in the 1700s because, as Huguenots, their life was difficult. The father, François Bonifas, had a cousin who was arrested and made to work against his will for many years as an oarsman in a Galley ship of the French navy. The authorities could confiscate all their goods and money so François, his wife Louise and their son Jean, decided to escape and settled in Spitalfields where there were many other Huguenots, where two more children, Pierre and Marie, were born.

The family worshipped at a French church called ‘the Church of the Artillery’ because it was near Artillery Lane. The same building is now a synagogue called Sandy’s Row Synagogue.

Francois and Louise came from South West France in the countryside, so life in London was very different for them, and they were quite poor. Sadly Louise became ill and was in hospital three times before being sent home because she could not be cured. The family were very worried and asked the Pastor of their church for help. Luckily the Huguenots had built a special place for people who were sick or in need called La Providence, and in 1768 Louise went to live there where she could be looked after. Her children were very sad, especially Pierre and Marie who were only seven and four. La Providence, a group of alms houses, still exists today in Rochester where elderly Huguenots live.

The eldest son, Jean, married an English girl, Anne Dutton. They married in St Botolph’s church in Bishopsgate in 1765. Jean was a ‘stationer’, which at that time meant he made books. As he became more used to life in England, he began to call himself John, rather than Jean. He and Anne left London and moved to Dorchester in Dorset where they had four children, John, Jane, Anne and Dutton. Dutton went on to be married three times, and had nine daughters and three sons. He was my great great great grandfather.

Carole Bonifas

At Sir John Cass Foundation Primary School opposite St Botolph’s church there are two statues of a boy and a girl in the clothes of the 1700s.

The Ruffy family (the widowed Madame Catherine Ruffy and her five children) settled in Spitalfields in 1687, along with 13,000 other Huguenots who arrived the same year to escape persecution. Not everyone welcomed them - some English people worried that they would take their jobs and homes.

The Huguenots could not speak English, so it was hard for them to say the place names. Can you guess where these places are?






The Huguenots were very religious people: they did not drink alcohol, swear or gamble; they dressed modestly, prayed and fasted and did not dance or go to parties. They built nine new churches in Spitalfields and around the country, and they were also allowed to use Anglican churches.The Ruffy family were silkweavers. They used enormous weaving looms, and made beautiful brightly coloured silk material with patterns of birds and flowers. This material was very expensive, so only wealthy people could afford it. Each kind of material had a special name; Alamode, Bombazine, Brocade, Tiffany, Tabinet, Ferrandine, Taffeta or Grosgrain.

The weavers sang religious songs while they were weaving, and kept canaries in cages so they could hear the birds singing as they worked.

When the Huguenots arrived in London they were poor, but they became very successful in business because they were honest and hardworking, and the Ruffy family became rich enough to buy a lovely house in Quaker Street.

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